Airborne Denotes a route for the transmission of infection through inhalation of bacteria or dusts.
Denotes a route for the transmission of infection through inhalation of bacteria via
the respiratory tract. Pathogens are spread into the surrounding area by sneezing, coughing as well
as by exhalation. Typical illnesses that are transmitted by a droplet infection are measles,
mumps, chickenpox and influenza.
Semi-synthetic, chemical or genetic compounds, which are produced using bacteria, fungi,
lichen and other living organisms, and which are applied for killing and inhibiting the growth of
infectious organisms. Antibiotics were originally extracted from naturally formed molecular metabolic
products from bacteria or fungi.
Acts against pathogens, killing them off.
The Caliciviridae family of viruses includes non-enveloped, single-strand RNA viruses.
These viruses include the norovirus and hepatitis E virus.
Categorisation or division of objects based on specific characteristics
Denotes the transmission of pathogens by an already infected individual to a healthy individual
through physical contact.
Denotes (undesired) pollution by microorganisms or harmful substances over areas, which can cause harm
Comprises the elimination of invisible organic material and visible dirt in order to prevent
the proliferation of microorganisms on surfaces and skin.
Consumables for cleaning objects and surfaces. Examples (Link to products in the area of surface
Acts against a contamination or an impurity. The impurity can entail health risks.
Prophylactic measures for the killing or inactivation of pathogens (e.g. viruses, bacteria and fungi)
to prevent infections. Disinfection renders both living and dead material harmless.
Consumables that are used for the elimination of impurities and disinfection of skin, surfaces and
objects. The active agents contained in disinfectants include alcohols, ammonium compounds, amines and
Denotes the targeted killing of pathogens on the skin or hands.
Hand disinfection is much more effective against pathogens than merely cleaning the hands.
Component of a hygiene plan, which defines the procedures and details for disinfection measures.
You can find examples of disinfection plans here. (Link to disinfection plan downloads)
Cloths soaked in disinfectant for the disinfection of skin, surfaces and/or objects.
A DIN standard is a voluntary standard formulated under the guidance of a working committee in the
DIN German Institute for Standardisation, in which material and immaterial objects are standardised.
DIN standards result after proposal by and through the initiative of interested groups (usually German
business), whereby correspondence is established among all parties involved. Standards formulated
on an international level are typically ISO standards or the European standards EN.
The EU ecological mark recognised by all member states of the European union. Norway, Liechtenstein
and Iceland have also recognised the label introduced voluntarily in 1992 by an EU regulation.
The eco-label helps for marking environmentally-friendly products and services.
European standard for hygienic hand washing
European standard for hygienic hand disinfection
European standard for surgical hand disinfection
Quantitative suspension test with polio, adeno and norovirus; the basis for effectiveness evaluations of surface
These viruses are surrounded by a membrane envelope. They can be destroyed by disinfectants,
as enveloped viruses are often/comparably less active than non-enveloped viruses. Examples of
enveloped viruses: influenza viruses, HBV, HCV and HIV viruses.
Comprises all measures that are undertaken to preserve and protect the environment. The aim is to
conserve biodiversity and all living organisms based on a functional ecosystem.
Denotes specific pathogenic strains of the intestinal bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli).
This can trigger bloody diarrhoea (enterohaemorrhagic colitis) (in humans).
Abbreviation for extended spectrum beta-lactamases. This involves bacterial enzymes, beta-lactamases,
which an extended spectrum of beta-lactamase antibiotics can split.
After overcoming a disease or relocating a diseased person, a final disinfection is carried out in
accordance with the German Protection against Infection Act. This comprises a scrub, room, air or
The food industry denotes the economic sector in which an essential part of agricultural products are
processed for human nutrition.
Food safety (also: food hygiene) is a generic term for all measures meant to ensure that food is
suitable for the end consumerto eat or drink – so that it will not harm or adversely effect health.
Examples (Link to products in the category food safety/food contact)
Denotes the killing of fungi (e.g. yeasts and moulds).
A green washroom takes into account all production processes as well as the origin, production,
use and disposal for all products used. Products for the green washroom consider the energy efficiency
of the production system in which the are manufactured, the amount of natural resources used,
the emissions caused and the packaging used for transport as well as the recycling options.
Hand hygiene comprises systematic prophylaxis of the hands and skin for protection against dirt and
pathogens. Besides hand cleaning and disinfection, it is an important element in the killing and
prevention of microorganisms.
Measure for removing dirt from the skin. Hand cleaning is the first, elementary step in hand hygiene.
Examples (Link to skin cleaning products)
Hazardous waste represents waste subject to mandatory monitoring, which differs from conventional waste
on account of the pollutants it contains or its consistency, and which must be disposed of separately.
Cleaning of heavy soiling (e.g. tar, oil, paint, lacquer) primarily resulting in industry.
Examples (Link to heavy-duty products)
Denotes the “science of disease prevention and the maintenance and promotion of health”.
This is how the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology defines “Hygiene”. It denotes all
precautions aiming to prevent a transmission of pathogens.
Hygiene plans defines all measures for the prevention of infections that apply in health institutions. Formulation and
compliance is required by the health service, the Robert Koch Institute, the German Protection against
Infection Act and the German Ordinance on Biological Substances. Examples (Link to hygiene plan
In medicine, immunity denotes a biological state in which an organism has developed sufficient
mechanisms to fight against potentially harmful microorganisms.
Denotes the defence system in the human body against bacteria, viruses, or pathogens.
Denotes the colonisation and growth of potentially harmful microorganisms (e.g. bacteria, viruses etc.)
in another organism, such as humans.
Inability to retain urine or stools
Comprises cleaning and prevention measures against the contamination of instruments for medical use.
Examples (Link to products in the area of medical devices)
The International Organization for Standardization – in short ISO – is the international association of standardisation
organisations and as such draws up international standards in all areas
EN ISO 9001 defines the requirements for a quality management system (QM system),
which an organisation must comply with in order to be able to provide products and services,
which fulfil customer expectations as well as any official requirements.
The international environmental management standard ISO 14001 defines internationally recognised requirements for an
environmental management system and is part of a family of standards. This family of standards contains
numerous further standards for various areas of environmental management, including life cycle
assessments, environmental performance indicators and appraisal. It can be applied to both manufacturing
companies as well as companies providing services.
ISO 22716:2007 is the preferred standard for the cosmetics industry within the EU and ensures compliance
with the laws and regulations of the European Commission with directives for the production,
monitoring, storage and shipping of cosmetic products. The primary aim of this standard is to increase
the safety of the end product and protect consumers.
Killing all yeasts
Denotes the specific inactivation of (primarily/predominantly enveloped) viruses.
Comprise an accumulation of various types of fungi, which proliferate on an organic material
(e.g. foods), forming tiny fungal threads (hyphae).
Abbreviation for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This bacterium can cause pneumonia or wound infections and is
resistant to many antibiotics.
The noroviruses are highly infectious viruses that are responsible for gastrointestinal inflammation
Comprise all microorganisms that can cause harmful health developments in other organisms. Pathogens
can be bacteria, algae, viruses as well as fungi, amongst many others.
Podology denotes alternative medicine for the foot.
Special gloves (as part of personal protective equipment) in order to provide protection against hazards
and the transmission of bacteria.
Denotes the objective analysis of the extent to which a product corresponds to the required/defined
Reuse of raw materials already used/utilised after treatment.
Abbreviation for Robert Koch Institute
Designation of the Robert Koch Institute, concerning effectiveness when using a disinfectant for
the treatment of fungi and bacteria.
Designation of the Robert Koch Institute, concerning effectiveness when using a disinfectant for
the treatment of viruses.
Denotes an acquired ability to perform a certain activity very quickly and reliably through prolonged practice.
These pathogenic intestinal bacteria are one of diverse causes of food poisoning.
Salmonella are rod-shaped bacteria, which can cause different diseases in humans and animals.
In most cases, they are the main cause of food poisoning and/or diarrhoea.
Gram-positive bacteria, which form clusters (cocci) in a culture. They are the most important cause
of septic surface infections and can frequently be the cause of food poisoning, for example.
Absence of reproducible germs such as microorganisms and viruses
Denotes a procedure for the removal or elimination of living microorganisms
(e.g. viruses, fungi and bacteria), as well as in their dormant stages (e.g. spores).
Denotes the disinfection of surfaces and objects.
Skin care is an essential element of personal body care in order to retain and improve the skin’s protective barriers.
Comprises all measures that are undertaken to protect skin subject to high external stress –
in particular the hands – so as to prevent penetration by pollutants and irritants.
Examples (Link to skin protection products)
Skin protection plans outline measures that are undertaken to minimise risks to the skin,
as well as the use of preparations for disinfection, cleaning, protection and care.
Examples (Link to skin protection plans - downloads)
Stubborn soiling (e.g. oil, paint, lacquer).
Denotes the inactivation/disabling of enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.